The meaning of political reconciliation for Philpott centers on what he calls the “restoration of right relationship.” When a society emerges out of war or dictatorship, it is full of wounded relationships: among citizens, among communities, and between the state and its citizens and communities. These wounds are created by political injustices, the particular sort of injustices that transitional justice, at its best, seeks to address. Philpott argues that an effective conception of political reconciliation must address such injustices, and he roots his conception in a mix of religious and legal doctrines and traditions: human rights, restorative justice, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. He offers a conception of transitional justice that goes well beyond the liberal peace.Read the rest of A new theory on political wounds.
Mark Freeman is the Executive Director of the Institute for Integrated Transitions. A Belgian and Canadian citizen, he is an international lawyer and leading expert on human rights issues in contexts of democratic and postconflict transition. Mark helped launch and direct the International Center for Transitional Justice, in New York and in Brussels, and is the author of Necessary Evils: Amnesties and the Search for Justice (Cambridge University Press, 2010) and Truth Commissions and Procedural Fairness (Cambridge University Press, 2006), which received the American Society of International Law's highest award.